For details on the Qiraa’aat, look out for our new posts Usool of the Qiraa’aat. Here we will mention the names of some famous scholars past and present, as well as some famous books on this topic In shaa Allaah.
Ibn Mujahid (254 – 324 Hijri)
He was the first person to collect seven of the most famous and widespread Qiraa’aat in his book called السبعة في القراءات (as-Sab’a fil-Qiraa’aat). These seven were not the only Qiraa’aat, but he chose seven of the different Qiraa’aat and wrote their rules and chains of narration back to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم in his book. These were the recitations of Imams Naafi from Madinah, Ibn Katheer from Makkah (not the famous tafseer scholar), Abu Amr al-Basri from Basra, Ibn Aamir from Shaam, and Aasim, Hamza and al-Kisaa’i all from Kufa.
He was a famour scholar of Tajweed and Qiraa’aat who wrote a book called at-Tayseer in which he collected the rules for the seven famous recitations which Ibn Mujahid had written about.
Imam Shaatibi (538 – 590 Hijri) & the Shaatibiyyah
Imam Shaatibi learned from a chain going back to Abu ‘Amr ad-Daani, and wrote a poem in which he ingeniously coded the rules of the Seven Qiraa’aat which Abu ‘Amr ad-Daani had written in his book at-Tayseer. The poem Imam Shaatibi wrote was actually called حِرْز الأماني ووجْه التَّهاني (Hirz al-Amaani wa Wajh at-Tahaani) but became famously known as ash-Shaatibiyyah after his name. It is still memorised and studied today by students of the Qiraa’aat.
He was an extremely famous scholar of Tajweed and Qiraa’aat whose books and poems are studied and memorised till today. He learned and collected three other Qiraa’aat along with the well-known Seven, via numerous different chains going back the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. These were the recitations of Abu Ja’far, Ya’qoob and Khalaf. These three along with the Seven are known as the Ten Qiraa’aat. He wrote a poem on the three Qiraa’aat following the same pattern as Imam Shaatibi in his poem on the Seven, which is called الدرة المضية في القراءات الثلاث (ad-Durra al-Mudiyya fil-Qiraa’aat ath-Thalaath), to complete the Ten. He also wrote a poem about all Ten Qiraa’aat together, with the various chains he had learned from and called this poem طيبة النشر في القراءات العشر (Tayyiba al-Nashr fil-Qiraa’aat al-Ashr). There is a book by him on the Ten Qiraa’aat too, with a similar name, called النشر في القراءات العشر (al-Nashr fil-Qiraa’aat al-Ashr).
Sughraa & Kubraa
al-Qiraa’aat al-Ashr as-Sughraa (the Ten Small Qiraa’aat) are the Seven Qiraa’aat from the poem of Imam Shaatibi ash-Shaatibiyyah and the Three Qiraa’aat from the poem of Ibn al-Jazari ad-Durra al-Mudiyya fil-Qiraa’aat ath-Thalaath.
al-Qiraa’aat al-Ashr al-Kubraa (the Ten Big Qiraa’aat) are the same Ten, but via many other chains as collected in the poem Tayyiba al-Nashr fil-Qiraa’aat al-Ashr by Ibn al-Jazari.
Scholars of Tajweed & Qiraa’aat after Ibn al-Jazari
al-Mutwalli (1248 – 1313 Hijri, 1832 – 1895 CE) was known as ابن الجزري الصغير Ibn al-Jazari as-Sagheer (i.e. the small Ibn al-Jazari). He was one of the top scholars of Tajweed and Qiraa’aat of his time and was connected to one of the highest and best of chains.
Shaykh Ayman Rushdi Suwayd (b. 1955) one of the most famous scholars of Tajweed and Qiraa’aat today, is considered an Ibn al-Jazari of our time. Famous for his Kayfa Naqra’ al-Qur’an and al-Itqaan Series, he is connected to some of the highest and best chains, and learned from 6 top contemporary Scholars. He also has many works on the topic of Tajweed and Qiraa’aat Ma sha Allaah tabarak Allaah.