In our last post we explained the characteristic of al-Istitaalah in the letter ض and in this post we will now deal with the other characteristics of this letter In shaa Allaah.
The Characteristics of ض
al-Jahr الجهر: Literally means announcement, apparent. In Tajweed it refers to restriction of the exhaled air when pronouncing the letter. The vocal chords are closed.
al-Rikhaawah الرخاوة: Literally means softness. In Tajweed it refers to running of the sound of the letter as it passes in the makhraj.
al-Isti’laa’ الاستعلاء: Literally means elevation. In Tajweed it refers to evelation of the back part of the tongue, which directs the sound of the letter upwards. This is the ‘full-mouth’ characteristic.
al-Itbaaq الإطباق: Literally means gluing, adhesion. In Tajweed it refers to elevation of the back of the tongue, along with the middle which restricts the sound of the letter between the roof of the mouth and tongue.
al-Istitaalah الاستطالة: Literally means lengthening. In Tajweed it is the pushing of the tongue forward after it makes contact in the makhraj, due to pressure of the air collecting behind it. Sort of like blowing up a balloon, the makhraj of ض stretches and lengthens due to this mechanism. This is why ض has the longest makhraj. The sound from this lengthening is what gives ض its characteristic of al-Rikhaawah, since the mechanism allows the sound “to run as it passes in the makhraj”.